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What are the causes of male infertility?

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What are the causes of male infertility?

The causes of male infertility can be several. It is worth knowing about them even before trying to have a child.

When can you talk about infertility? Certainly not after a month of trying for a child. It is estimated that it is worth seeing a doctor with the problem if a woman does not get pregnant after a year of regular intercourse. And certainly do not panic, as infertility can be a reversible condition if appropriate measures are taken. In addition to drug treatment, it is always necessary to change lifestyle, habits and diet.

Infertility can affect both women and men

Until a few decades ago, when a couple could not conceive an offspring, it was said that the problem lay with the woman. However, scientific research confirms that infertility can affect anyone regardless of gender. That’s why it’s so important for both parties to get tested.

Infertility and infertility are two different concepts

Many people confuse infertility with infertility, and de facto they are two different concepts. Infertility occurs if, after a year of efforts, a couple fails to conceive a child, despite regular intercourse 3-4 times a week. Infertility is much more serious. This is because in this case there is no chance of conception or pregnancy and it is irreversible. Infertility, on the other hand, can be treated and the right measures give a good chance of having offspring.

What can be the causes of infertility in men?

Problems with conceiving a child very often affect men who suffer from thyroid disease, diabetes, chronic nephritis, cardiovascular disease and hyperprolactinemia. Very often, infertility can also be caused by abnormalities affecting the testicles or their area. These include testicular trauma and related abnormalities, testicular hydrocele, varicocele of the spermatic cord, idiopathic hypoplasia. Problems with conceiving an offspring are also often the result of inflammation of the prostate gland and infections of the organs.

As it turns out – infertility can also be caused by environmental factors, such as smoking, reaching for various stimulants, exposing the body to toxic substances, inadequate diet, overweight and unhygienic lifestyle.

How to diagnose infertility?

The basis for diagnosing infertility and determining its possible cause is to perform a physical examination and conduct a thorough medical history. During the interview, the doctor will want to know, among other things, about any diseases, including those that the man once suffered from. He will also ask about infections, surgical procedures, and working conditions. He must also ask quite intimate questions, such as the frequency of sexual intercourse and how long the couple has been trying for a child.

Based on this, the specialist performs additional tests, and also checks the condition of the prostate, thyroid and genitals beforehand.

main photo: unsplash.com/Toa Heftiba

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